Dating telegraph co uk 4167
His expedition became the first recorded Europeans to have encountered its eastern coastline of Australia.
In 1789 the Mutiny on the Bounty against William Bligh led to several of the mutineers escaping the Royal Navy and settling on Pitcairn Islands, which later became a British colony.
On 29 April, Cook and crew made their first landfall on the mainland of the continent at a place now known as the Kurnell Peninsula.
It is here that James Cook made first contact with an aboriginal tribe known as the Gweagal.
Oceania was first explored by Europeans from the 16th century onward.
Portuguese navigators, between 15, reached the Tanimbar Islands, some of the Caroline Islands and west Papua New Guinea.
The ancient Chamorro left a number of megalithic ruins, including Latte stone.
The Refaluwasch, or Carolinian, people came to the Marianas in the 1800s from the Caroline Islands.
In the archaeological record there are well-defined traces of this expansion which allow the path it took to be followed and dated with some certainty.
The ancestors of the Micronesians settled there over 4,000 years ago.
A decentralized chieftain-based system eventually evolved into a more centralized economic and religious culture centered on Yap and Pohnpei.
On his first voyage in the 18th century, James Cook, who later arrived at the highly developed Hawaiian Islands, went to Tahiti and followed the east coast of Australia for the first time.
The Pacific front saw major action during the Second World War, mainly between the belligerents the United States, its ally Australia, and Japan.